CONSIDERING that the UK`s withdrawal from the EU is an important and unique challenge for the Island of Ireland and reaffirming that the achievements of the the benefits and commitments of the peace process will remain of paramount importance for peace, stability and reconciliation in that country, the 8 May 2012 siege agreement between the United Kingdom and the European Banking Authority, the exchange of letters on the application of the Protocol on Privileges and Immunities of the European Banking Authority in the United Kingdom Communities to the European Medicines Assessment Agency of 24 June 1996 and the agreement on the admission of the Galileo Security Observatory of 17 July 2013 apply to the European Banking Authority, the European Medicines Agency and the Galileo Security Observatory pending transfer to a Member State. The date of notification of the closing date of the relocation by the Union is the date of termination of these reception agreements. Therefore, this protocol does not prevent the United Kingdom from including Northern Ireland in the territorial scope of agreements it can enter into with third countries, provided that these agreements do not affect the application of this protocol. On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was considering drafting new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Northern Ireland Withdrawal Agreement.  The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable).  The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only “clarified” the volumity in the protocol.  Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a “precondition for any future partnership”.  On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would “violate international law”.”  On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons voted with 230 votes against the Brexit withdrawal agreement, the largest vote against the British government in history.  The government may survived a vote of confidence the next day.
 On March 12, 2019, the House of Commons voted 149 votes against the agreement, the fourth-biggest defeat of the government in the history of the House of Commons.  A third vote on the Brexit withdrawal agreement, widely expected on 19 March 2019, was rejected by the House of Commons spokesman on 18 March 2019, on the basis of a parliamentary convention of 2 April 1604, which prevented British governments from forcing the House of Commons to vote several times on a subject already voted on by the House of Commons.    An abbreviated version of the withdrawal agreement, in which the annex political statement had been withdrawn, consisted of the test of “substantial amendments,” so that a third vote was held on 29 March 2019, but was rejected by 58 votes.  On 13 November 2018, the EU decided that “decisive progress” had been made in the Brexit negotiations, and on 14 November the European Commission and the UK Government published a draft withdrawal agreement, as well as three protocols (at the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland, the UK`s base sovereign territories in Cyprus and Gibraltar) and nine annexes.